Clinical depression is the most severe form of depression, this disorder will occur when the felling of sadness, anger anxiety will Last for longer periods than usual. However with the right treatment and support, most people with depression can make a full recovery.
The cause of depression is not exactly known, there are however a number of factors that can trigger clinical depression. A chemical change in the brain can be responsible, genetics also can be contribute to this disorder or it may be triggered by certain stressful events. More likely, it is a combination all three.
In some cases depression runs in the family, so if a family member suffered from depression there a chance that anyone in the family could get it including teen and children.
Other clinical depression causes:
- Substance abuse (alcohol, sleeping medication, drugs )
- Lack of social support
- A recent loss
- Personal conflicts in relationships either with a significant other or a colleague
- Physical, sexual, or emotional abuse
The symptoms of depression varies from widely between people, and it’s a combination of physical and psychological sighs.
Psychological signs may include:
- suicide thoughts
- hopeless and helpless
- low self-esteem
- loss of motivation and interest
- frequent episodes of crying
- suicidal thoughts
Significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain, Fatigue, and tiredness, memory and ability to concentrate is impaired, all of these are a major physical sign of clinical depression.
The sooner you get the treatment the sooner your clinical depression will improve. It is also vital for individuals to select the one with which they feel most comfortable. At the root of chronic depression is a weakened sense of self. Thus, a key component in healing is gaining confidence. Empowering depressed individuals in any capacity is a necessary aspect in managing chronic depression. The most feasible treatment options are as follows:
Brain stimulation therapies
Can be tried if psychotherapy and/or medication are not effective. These include electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for a depressive disorder with psychosis or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for severe depression.
Which uses a lightbox to expose a person to full spectrum light in an effort to regulate the hormone melatonin.
Exercise is not only useful for losing a few calories or for gaining a few pounds of muscle, it does much more than that. For people diagnosed with depression, regular exercise can boost the mood and help reduce the symptoms. Exercising decreases stress hormones such as cortisol and produces endorphins, the body’s natural feel-good chemicals.
Exercise stimulates the release of many of the brain chemicals, such as adrenaline, serotonin, and dopamine. Together, these chemicals that exist naturally in the body help to elevate mood and result in a feeling of completion and relaxation. The old adage of exercising is good for you, do it every day is a great one. The type of exercise you choose doesn’t need to be elaborate. You can do stretches and be strengthening with workout balls and stretch bands at home, or lift small hand weights.
The types of antidepressants most commonly used to treat dysthymia include the following:
- SSRIs (Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)
- TCAs (Tricyclic antidepressants)
- SNRIs (Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors)
It’s important to ask your doctor for detailed information about any potential side effects of medication and to discuss any history of suicidal thoughts or attempts. Though antidepressant medications can cause uncomfortable side effects for some, you should never abruptly stop taking these medications. Always consult your prescribing physician before making any changes to medication.
Psychosocial treatments include one of the following explained below.
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) – this is mainly recommended for the depressive episodes of bipolar disorder.
- Psychoeducation – this involves learning about your illness, your treatment and how to recognize signs of becoming unwell again so you can prevent a full episode. Psychoeducation may also be helpful for anyone who is supporting you, such as family, a partner or a trusted colleague.
- Family therapy – this works on family relationships to improve how you feel. This can help reduce any problems in the family which add to, or are because of, your symptoms.
Other possible life changes to cope with chronic depression:
- Lifestyle Changes
- Spend more time outdoors
- Time with friends
- More time with supportive family members
- More time doing the things they love
A lot of people would wait a long time before seeing a GP about the disorder, in the case of clinical depression it is critical to act fast and as soon you notice the signs and symptoms that we mentioned.